There are different types of power plants, classified depending on the type of fuel it uses and is located in the suburban areas as it needs vast land or water sources.
FREMONT, CA :A power plant (also known as a power station or power generating station) is an industrial facility that produces and distributes large amounts of electric power. One or more generators, a revolving engine that transforms mechanical power into three-phase electric power (these are also described as an alternator), are used in several power plants. An electric current is generated by the relative motion of a magnetic field and an electrical conductor.
Due to requirements such as massive land and water demand and many operational constraints such as waste disposal, etc., these are typically located in the sub-urban regions or several miles away from cities or load centers.
As a result, a power generating station must be concerned with the productive generation of power and its transmission. It is why transformer switchyards are often found near power plants. These switchyards raise the power's transmission voltage, allowing it to be transmitted more effectively over long distances.
The energy source used to transform the generator shaft is highly variable and is primarily determined by the type of fuel used. The type of fuel used defines what people call a power plant, which is how power plants are categorized.
Types of Power Plants
Depending on the type of fuel used, various types of power plants are categorized.
Thermal Power Station
The most traditional way of producing electric power with reasonable efficiency is a thermal power station or a coal-fired thermal power plant. It boils the water available to superheated steam for operating the steam turbine with coal as the primary fuel.
Nuclear Power Station
Nuclear power plants are similar to thermal power plants in several ways. The exception is that, instead of gas, radioactive elements such as uranium and thorium are used as the primary fuel. In a nuclear power plant, the nuclear reactor and heat exchanger tubes replace the furnace and boiler.
Hydro-Electric Power Station
The energy of falling water is used to drive the turbine, which then runs the generator to create electricity in hydroelectric plants. Rain that falls on the earth's surface has potential energy compared to the oceans towards which it flows. This energy is transferred to shaft work, which involves a significant vertical distance between the waterfalls.
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