Smart grids enable power manufacturers to distribute energy properly and control the usage of resources.

FREMONT, CA: The ever-growing population has double the demand for electricity supply. The conventional electric grids fail to live up to the supply expectations. Because of this, governments worldwide are concentrating on new technologies to implement them into developing smart grids.

The smart grid is frequently used to describe a decentralized, self-sufficient infrastructure. It can deliver energy from various power sources, including storage and sustainable sources. Additionally, the installation of this system gives manufacturers and customers unprecedented levels of control and management.

Why Do We Need A Smart Grid?

The traditional grids have become inefficient and ineffective. There are several reasons to upgrade these traditional grids to smart grids. Let us understand a few such reasons.

Cost-cutting and risk: Resource wastage and a lack of protection are two primary issues that smart grids address. Utilizing smart grid technology allows for real-time monitoring and control of energy use and its optimization for the benefit of both citizens and the environment. Improved visibility of each component of the grid, including the loads, machinery, transmission lines, and appliances, enables management to identify any issues early on and take appropriate action to minimize costly and dangerous issues like outages and downtime brought on by delayed repair.

To reduce emissions and carbon-heavy electricity: An IoT-based smart grid system offers insight into the energy usage processes and information, transparency, management, and connectivity. The smart grid makes green energy utilization possible on a larger scale. Fewer emissions result from less energy being consumed. S smart grid infrastructure makes it possible to integrate renewables into the system, increasing public access to sustainable energy sources.

To provide resilience: Nowadays, energy usage can be monitored and managed at the customer level due to smart grid technology. It transforms a household occupant into a decision-maker and active participant in the grid's lifecycle. A family can temporarily go off the grid using technologies like energy storage or PV systems, for instance, in the event of maintenance or line accidents. Residents can dynamically distribute loads inside the home to meet their energy needs. Alternately, they might rely entirely on the energy they produce and be independent of their local grid.

Innovative smart grid technologies

Smart grid sensors and meters: Smart appliance embedded sensors generate and report status information to allow for management and surveillance. Smart meters gather information on energy use and provide a complete picture of household energy use, including loads and predicted costs.

Automated distribution: Modern distribution systems use real-time data to identify overload, adjust energy distribution, and proactively respond to load changes to provide security and cost benefits.

Charging station and smart storage: Energy storage and charging stations help the household go off the grid during power outages and accidents.