Nuclear energy helps protect the environment by producing electricity with fewer carbon emissions that help maintain the air quality. Along with the benefits it has, it comes with some setbacks.

Fremont  CA: Nuclear energy helps in protecting the environment by generating massive volumes of carbon-free electricity. It provides electricity to populations in 28 states and contributes to various non-electric applications ranging from medicine to space research. The Office of Nuclear Energy at the US Department of Energy (DOE) focuses its study on preserving the existing reactor fleet, developing new advanced reactor technologies, and enhancing the nuclear fuel cycle in order to improve the long-term sustainability of energy supply and boost the US economy.

Benefits of Nuclear Energy are:

Reliable source of energy

Nuclear power facilities run all days of a week, 24 hours a day. They are intended to operate for extended periods and demand refueling every 1.5–2 years. Nuclear power plants ran at full capacity more than 92 percent of the time in 2019, making it the most reliable energy source available these days.

Clean sources of energy

In the United States, nuclear power is the most common source of clean energy. It creates about 800 billion kilowatt hours of electricity every year, accounting for over half of the country's emission-free electricity production. Each year, this saves more than 470 million metric tonnes of CO2, the equivalent of eliminating 100 million cars from the road.

Setbacks of Nuclear Energy are:

High operating costs

The nuclear sector is struggling to compete because of difficult market conditions. Strict rules on management, workforce levels, operator training, and plant inspections have cost the business a lot of money. The Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) program of the Department of Energy is aiming to tackle these financial issues by updating plant systems to lower operating and maintenance costs while boosting performance.

Constructing new power plants

Stakeholders may be daunted by the prospect of constructing a nuclear power plant. Multibillion-dollar infrastructure projects are multibillion-dollar reactor designs. Public interest has also been stifled by high capital expenditures, licensing and regulatory approvals, as well as extended lead times and building delays. DOE is promoting the development of smaller reactor designs, such as microreactors and small modular reactors, which will provide customers with even more size and power capacity options. These factory-built technologies are projected to cut construction time in half and make nuclear power more cost-effective to create and operate.