FREMONT, CA: Over time, biomass energy has proven advantageous and serves as a reliable and consistent alternative energy source. Although biomass energy has a wide range of applications, biomass feedstocks can generate three types of energy: heat, electricity, and biofuels such as biodiesel. The majority of biomass plants are dual-purpose in that they generate both heat and power, and these are frequently referred to as CHP (Combined Heat and Power) plants. Biomass energy resources come in a variety of forms. The following sections discuss the numerous forms of biomass energy sources:
Wood and waste wood
This is the most prevalent type of biomass energy source, and it has been used for thousands of years to heat and cook with wood. Today, biomass remains a significant energy source; around 84 percent of wood and wood waste fuel engrossed in the United States is by industry, commercial businesses, and electric power producers. The remainder, primarily wood, is used to heat and cook in homes.
The most frequently encountered wood wastes include bark, sawdust, wood chips, and wood scrap. They account for less than 2 percent of the energy consumed today. Numerous wood and paper manufacturing firms generate their own steam and electricity using wood waste. This saves the company money because they no longer have to dispose of waste and consume less electricity.
There are two popular biofuels: ethanol and biodiesel. These fuels are typically combined with petroleum-based fuels such as gasoline and diesel fuel. However, they are capable of being used independently. However, utilizing ethanol or biodiesel reduces the amount of fossil fuel burned. While these biofuels are typically more expensive than fossil fuels, they are cleaner-burning and emit fewer pollutants into the atmosphere.
Ethanol is a type of alcohol fuel produced from the sugar contained in grains such as corn, sorghum, and wheat, as well as potato skins, rice, sugar cane, sugar beets, and yard clippings. The research on producing ethanol more affordable by utilizing all components of plants and trees is currently ongoing. On the other hand, biodiesel is a fuel derived from vegetable oils, fats, or greases, such as recycled restaurant grease. It is utilized in diesel engines without requiring them to be changed. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel source that is safe and biodegradable. It also helps to reduce the emission of the majority of air pollutants.