The dynamic of where and how power plants function is continuously shifting as a number of nations continue moving off from high-polluting fossil fuels and toward low-carbon options.

Fremont, CA: Nuclear power plants are oftentimes seen as a more environmentally beneficial option because they are seen as a low-carbon energy source. Nuclear power plants are also considered to be more reliable than renewable energy sources such as solar and wind. Although a nuclear power plant requires a large investment to get up and running, the costs of running one are comparatively cheap. Nuclear energy sources are also denser than fossil fuels and produce a lot of energy.

The various types  of power plants for generating energy are:

Coal-fired power plants

Steam coal is used to create electricity at coal-fired power stations, which emits a substantial amount of hazardous gases into the atmosphere. Many affluent countries have already announced plans to phase out coal-fired power stations in order to minimize greenhouse gas emissions. Canada intends to phase out coal plants by 2030, while the United Kingdom has set a 2025 goal, and Germany has set a 2038 target for the technology to be phased out of its electricity grid.

Geothermal power plants

Flash steam power stations, dry steam power stations, and binary cycle power stations are the three main types of geothermal plants, all of which generate energy using steam turbines. Geothermal power plants are thought to be more environmentally benign, emitting fewer hazardous emissions, compared to coal-fired power plants.

Solar power plants

Solar energy plants use one of the cleanest and most abundant renewable energy sources to transform solar energy into thermal or electrical energy. They usually don't require a lot of upkeep and can live for 20 to 25 years. Solar thermal is another related technology. It's a system of enormous mirrors strategically placed to focus the sun's rays on a tiny area, generating a significant amount of heat that powers a turbine that generates electricity.

Nuclear power plants

Nuclear power plants generate a large amount of electricity by using a nuclear fission reaction using uranium as fuel. Nuclear power plants are often seen as a more environmentally beneficial option because they are considered a low-carbon energy source. Nuclear power plants are also thought to be more reliable than renewable energy sources such as solar and wind.